32 Companion Plants to Grow With Your Peppers (2024)

Companion planting in the garden can serve a number of purposes, ranging from maximizing garden space to attracting beneficial insects and pollinators to luring insect pests away from other food crops.

Both sweet and hot peppers benefit from companion planting (much like their fellow nightshade, the tomato). Here are the herbs, flowers, and vegetables that will best complement your pepper patch.

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Basil

Arguably one of the most popular summer herbs, basil is great on its own, but also has a place next to and around pepper plants. It's claimed that growing basil next to peppers boosts their flavor, and may help to repel some common garden pests, such as aphids, spider mites, thrips, mosquitoes, and flies. Plus, pesto!

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Chives

Growing chives near peppers can help to deter aphids and other insects. Chives are also said to add to the flavor and yields of plants nearby. Chives are a handy and flavorful kitchen herb, and because it's a perennial, a single planting can come back year after year.

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Carrots

Growing carrots around peppers can help to shade out some of the weeds, providing a living mulch, and are a great way to maximize space in the garden. Plus, who doesn't love a fresh carrot, straight from the soil?

Carrot Plant Care Guide: How to Successfully Grow Carrots

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Onions

Onions don't take up a lot of room above the ground, and can deter many common insect pests in the garden, such as aphids, slugs, and cabbage worms, making them a good companion plant for peppers. Besides the onion bulb itself, onion greens can be clipped throughout the season as an addition to salads and other fresh vegetable dishes.

Growing Guide for Onions: Plant Care, Harvest Tips, and Varieties

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Chard

Swiss chard is another incredibly useful plant in the garden, and interplanting it with peppers can offer partial shade and protection from winds, while also crowding out weeds. Chard also happens to be one of the easier veggies to grow, and can add some color to garden beds.

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Lettuce

Growing lettuce as a companion planting to peppers is a great way to get an additional harvest in a small space, due to their lower growth habit, while also crowding out weeds.

How to Grow and Harvest 'Cut and Come Again' Lettuce, for Perpetual Salad Greens

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Spinach

Spinach can be a compliment to peppers in the garden, for many of the same reasons that both lettuce and chard are, and because of their shorter stature, will not shade out peppers and other taller plants.

Okra

Growing okra near peppers can offer wind protection and partial shade for the peppers in the heat of summer, and may offer some protection from pests such as aphids.

What not to plant near peppers?

There are few plants that experienced pepper growers say are absolutely off-limits. But be warned that cabbage and its brassica relatives (like broccoli and kohlrabi) are known to hamper the growth ofnightshade family vegetables like peppers due to a soil mismatch. Planting fennel nearby is discouraged as well.

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Leeks

Although not quite as popular to grow as its family members, such as garlic and onions, are, leeks can be a good companion plant for peppers. They don't take up a lot of room, so growing leeks can help to fill in empty spots in the garden, and they are also thought to repel some insects, such as carrot flies.

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Radishes

Radishes are not only easy to grow, but are also one of the quickest (as little as 3 or 4 weeks from seed). Growing radishes around peppers allows you to get a fairly quick food crop in a small amount of space.

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Beets

If you've only ever eaten canned beets, eating fresh beets from your garden is quite a treat. Growing beets near peppers is another method of filling in empty space in the garden and shading out weeds while helping to keep soil moist.

The Ultimate Growing Guide for Beets: Plant Care Tips and Varieties

12

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Corn

Besides being one of the most popular summer vegetables, corn is also a unique plant to have in the garden, as we don't often grow any other giant grasses in our beds (at least on purpose). Due to its tall growth habit, corn can serve as a windbreak or to cast shade on pepper plants during parts of the day. Corn is also said to also act as a trap crop for aphids, which may keep them off the pepper plants.

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Beans

Besides fixing nitrogen in the soil and helping to feed other garden plants, beans can provide other benefits for pepper plants, including crowding out weeds and helping to block the winds or cast partial shade.

How to Grow Green Beans, Even With a Brown Thumb

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Tomatoes

Although it's usually recommended to not plant tomatoes and peppers right after each other in the same bed every year, they can be grown together in the same garden bed (and then rotated to another bed next season). Growing tomatoes near peppers helps to shade the soil and can offer the peppers some protection from the sun in the hottest parts of the day.

How to Grow Tomatoes

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Asparagus

Although asparagus is a perennial, and can't be planted for an instant crop in one season, pepper plants can be grown in the asparagus patch to optimize the use of that space during the summer, after the spring asparagus is picked and eaten.

Growing Guide For Asparagus: Plant Care Tips

Garlic

Growing garlic as a companion plant with peppers can help repel or deter aphids and certain beetles from taking over the peppers. Planting garlic around peppers, or peppers among garlic, is another way of maximizing garden space for better yields.

How to Grow Garlic in Your Fall Vegetable Garden

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Squash

Both summer and winter squash can be grown near peppers, where their large leaves can help keep the sun off the bare soil and keep weeds down.

How to Plant, Grow, and Care for Butternut Squash

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Oregano

Due to its shorter stature, oregano grows well around peppers without competing for space, covers bare soil, and is a great complement to many dishes that also include peppers.

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Dill

Dill is said to attract beneficial insects and to help repel pests such as aphids. It may also improve the flavors of vegetables grown nearby. Planting dill around peppers is a great use of space, while their feathery leaves offer some contrast and texture to the garden.

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Parsley

Growing parsley around pepper plants not only helps you get a second edible from almost the same amount of space, but also serves to provide some shade and cover for bare soil.

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Marjoram

Another lower-growing herb that won't compete for space with peppers, marjoram is said to improve the flavor of vegetables and herbs grown near it, while also providing a tasty culinary herb.

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Buckwheat

Growing buckwheat around pepper plants can attract pollinators and other beneficial insects, as well as serve as a green mulch (cut and chop the buckwheat and lay on the ground in garden beds).

Our Guide to Growing Buckwheat: Plant Care Tips, Varieties, and More

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Rosemary

Rosemary can be a great addition to your culinary herbs, while also serving as a groundcover plant to minimize bare soil and high evaporation rates.

Growing Guide for Rosemary: Plant Care Tips, Varieties, and More

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Cucumbers

Cucumbers are another summer vegetable favorite, as great to eat fresh as they are pickled, and go well with many pepper dishes.

Growing Cucumbers: How to Add Crunch to Your Garden This Season

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Eggplant

Also a relative of peppers, this member of the nightshade family enjoys the same soil conditions that peppers do, and can add some diversity to garden beds while providing another tasty summer vegetable.

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Parsnip

Parsnips aren't usually one of the vegetables people name as their favorite, but growing this root vegetable around peppers can yield another food crop while helping to crowd out weeds and keep soil shaded.

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Peas

Peas are a tasty treat in the spring and summer, and the pea plants help to fix nitrogen in the soil to benefit other plants growing nearby or afterward.

Growing Guide: How to Plant, Grow, and Harvest Peas

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Geraniums

Growing geraniums as companion plants for peppers can help repel cabbage worms, Japanese beetles, and other pests. They also provide some wonderfully colorful blossoms in the garden.

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French Marigolds

When grown near other garden crops, French marigolds can stimulate their growth, while also repelling nematodes, aphids, whiteflies, and slugs. Marigolds are a great companion to plant near peppers.

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Petunias

In addition to providing a splash of color in the garden, petunias can be a great companion plant for peppers due their ability to repel asparagus beetles, leafhoppers, tomato worms, and aphids.

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Lovage

Lovage, as a taller plant, can offer protection from drying winds and sun, and is said to improve both the health and the flavor of many garden vegetable plants.

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Nasturtium

This edible flower is not only beautiful, and can benefit the flavor and growth of many other plants, but also is used to deter aphids, beetles, squash bugs, whiteflies, and other common garden pests.

32 Companion Plants to Grow With Your Peppers (2024)

FAQs

What not to plant near peppers? ›

Brassicas: Almanacs and home gardeners recommend avoiding planting brassicas (cabbage, broccoli, kale, collards, cauliflower) near peppers because they require different soil acidity levels and can deter pepper plant growth.

What not to plant with jalapenos? ›

Beans, in particular, are not good jalapeno pepper companions and should not be planted near them. Peas should also be avoided. Anything in the brassica family are not good companions for jalapenos.

Can tomatoes and bell peppers be planted together? ›

The reality is that because the two have similar growth requirements, they can in fact be grown quite successfully together. Diseases common to both tomato and pepper include Verticillium wilt and bacterial spot.

What is the best intercrop for peppers? ›

Tomatoes: Peppers and tomatoes are both members of the nightshade family, and they complement each other well. Basil: Basil is a fragrant herb that can repel pests such as aphids, flies, and spider mites. It also attracts pollinators such as bees, which can help improve the yield of pepper plants.

Do cucumbers and peppers grow well together? ›

Vining vegetables like cucumbers actually make perfect companions to bushing veggies like peppers. They enjoy similar growing conditions and can grow together in about the same amount of space as a single plant. Ensure you trellis your cukes and plant your peppers in front so they aren't shaded by growing vines.

Can bell peppers and zucchini be planted together? ›

Zucchini can offer some shade and ground cover for peppers and the two crops grow well together. Peppers do not add any specific benefit for zucchini, but you can grow both together and have a good crop of both.

What grows well with jalapeno peppers? ›

then there are lots of options, and many of those that make good companions for bell or sweet peppers, are also good for jalapeños. Vegetable crops to grow alongside jalapeños include beans, peas, carrots and cucumbers. And therefore in reverse, peppers make good cucumber companion plants, and companions for the rest.

What is the best support for pepper plants? ›

Finally, varieties that produce large peppers appreciate the extra support under the weight of their bounty. To stake pepper plants, simply drive a 2- to 3-foot wooden, bamboo, or other sturdy-material garden stake at least 6 inches deep into the soil right beside each plant.

What not to plant next to zucchini? ›

Potatoes can also spread diseases such as late blight, which can also affect zucchinis. Cucumbers and pumpkins should not be planted next to zucchinis as they belong to the same family (Cucurbitaceae) and therefore attract similar pests and diseases.

What should you not plant next to cucumbers? ›

Antagonistic plants for cucumbers
  • Plants in the same family as zucchinis, melons and pumpkins should not be planted directly next to cucumbers.
  • The same applies to Jerusalem artichokes, lovage, sage, radishes, radishes and tomatoes.
Apr 11, 2023

What grows best with peppers? ›

In a raised bed, various herbs such as basil, parsley or dill are good companions for peppers. Lettuce, carrots and onions also make good neighbours for peppers in a raised bed.

Can onions and peppers be planted together? ›

You can plant onions and peppers together. As onions do not take up a lot of room above the ground, they are good to plan as neighbors if you're growing peppers. Also, onions have a strong smell with helps to deter a lot of pests such as aphids and slugs, making them great for pepper companion planting.

What plants don't like peppers? ›

Beans also don't do well with peppers, either the sweet green peppers or their fiery cousins the jalapeños. One plant that I was shocked that beans don't get along with are marigolds, which are typically crowd pleasers as they deter pests. In fact, all the plants that the bean family shuns are those that deter pests.

Do peppers need 2 plants? ›

Peppers have what are called “perfect flowers,” which means that each individual pepper flower contains both the male (stamens) and female (pistil) reproductive organs. As a result, each pepper flower can “self- pollinate” to produce a pepper on its own.

Can you plant peppers and zucchini together? ›

Zucchini can offer some shade and ground cover for peppers and the two crops grow well together. Peppers do not add any specific benefit for zucchini, but you can grow both together and have a good crop of both.

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